Enfoque bayesiano para detectar los determinantes del emprendimiento innovador por país

Autores/as

  • José Manuel García Flores Instituto Politécnico Nacional

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18381/eq.vi21i2.7320

Resumen

Objetivo: la presente investigación tiene por objetivo delinear los determinantes del perfil de un emprendedor con habilidades innovadoras en el ámbito internacional, involucrando características económicas, demográficas y de motivación, en algunos países de la OCDE (desarrollados/subdesarrollados). Metodología: se emplea la metodología de modelos bayesianos por promedios. Resultados: el modelo bayesiano por promedios muestra que las mujeres emprendedoras que usan nueva tecnología, ingreso medio del país, edad entre 18-24 años, con productos orientados al extranjero, con educación básica y con enfoque en los sectores de transformación y negocios ayudan a las naciones a ser más competitivas a nivel mundial. Limitaciones: la investigación enfrentó problemáticas para la homogeneidad de los datos. Originalidad: usa una base de 19 países que no se ha utilizado anteriormente sin diferenciar entre países en desarrollo y desarrollados para así asociar la competitividad. Conclusiones: se lograron encontrar los determinantes del emprendimiento de manera general basados en las características de los resultados.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.

Citas

Acs, Z. J., Desai, S., & Hessels, J. (2008). Entrepreneurship, economic development and institutions. Small Business Economics, 31(3), 219–234. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-

-9135-9

Aghion, P. and Howitt P. (1998) Endogenous Growth Theory. MIT Press. Journal of Environment & Development, 7(3), 325–326. https://doi.org/10.1177/107049659800700313

Aghion, P. (2004). Growth and development: A Schumpeterian approach. Annales of Economics and Finance, 5, 1-25. http://down.aefweb.net/AefArticles/aef050101.pdf

Audretsch, D. B., & Lehmann, E. E. (2005). Does the Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship hold for regions? Research Policy,

(8), 1191–1202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2005.03.012

Azar, G., & Ciabuschi, F. (2017). Organizational innovation, technological innovation, and export performance: The effects of innovation radicalness and extensiveness. International Business Review (Oxford, England), 26(2), 324–336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2016.09.002

Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of Management, 17(1), 99–120. https://doi.org/10.1177/014920639101700108

Bjørnskov, C., & Foss, N. J. (2008). Economic freedom and entrepreneurial activity: Some cross-country evidence. Public Choice, 134(3–4), 307–328. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11127-007-9229-y

Błażejowski, M., Gazda, J., & Kwiatkowski, J. (2016). Bayesian Model Averaging in the Studies on Economic Growth in the EU Regions – Application of the gretl BMA package. Economics & Sociology, 9(4), 168–175. https://doi.org/10.14254/2071-789x.2016/9-4/10

Block, J. H., Fisch, C. O., & van Praag, M. (2017). The Schumpeterian entrepreneur: a review of the empirical evidence on the antecedents, behaviour and consequences of innovative entrepreneurship. Industry and Innovation, 24(1), 61–95. https://doi.org/10.1080/13662716.2016.1216397

Brock, W. A., y Durlauf, S. N. (2001). What have we learned from a decade of empirical research on growth? Growth Empirics and Reality. The World Bank economic review, 15(2), 229–272. https://doi.org/10.1093/wber/15.2.229

Busaibe, L., Singh, S. K., Ahmad, S. Z., & Gaur, S. S. (2017). Determinants of organizational innovation: a framework. Gender in Management An International Journal, 32(8), 578–589. https://doi.org/10.1108/gm-01-2017-0007

Carreón Gutiérrez, J. P. (2021) Preconditions for innovative entrepreneurship in Mexico, Tesis doctoral, Instituto Tecnológico de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey. https://www.proquest.com/openview/7573c65bb8e6d572648c29cb4643173d/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=18750&diss=y

Cowden, B. J., & Tang, J. (2017). Gender differences and entrepreneurial munificence: The pursuit of innovative new ventures. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship: JDE, 22(01), 1750002. https://doi.org/10.1142/s1084946717500029

Crudu, R. (2019). The role of innovative entrepreneurship in the economic development of EU member countries. Journal of Entrepreneurship Management and Innovation, 15(1), 35–60. https://doi.org/10.7341/20191512

DeGroot, M.H. (1970). Optimal Statistical Decisions. New York: Wiley.

Del Bosco, B., Chierici, R. y Mazzucchelli, A. (2019). Fostering entrepreneurship: an innovative business model to link innovation and new venture creation, 13 (junio), 561-574. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11846-018-0318-8

Delmar, F. (2006). Does experience matter? The effect of founding team experience on the survival and sales of newly founded ventures. Strategic Organization, 4 (3), 215–247. https://doi.org/10.1177/14761270060665

Dickel, P., & Eckardt, G. (2021). Who wants to be a social entrepreneur? The role of gender and sustainability orientation. Journal of Small Business Management, 59(1), 196–218. https:// doi.org/10.1080/00472778.2019.1704489 The Executive Office of the President (2015) Making in America: U.S. manufacturing entrepreneurship and innovation, Washington, D.C.: The White House. ISBN 978-1507826348

Favré-Bonte, V. y Giannelloni J-L. (2007). L’influence des caractéristiques de personnalité du dirigeant de PME sur la performance à l’export (The influence of the personality

characteristics of the SME’s manager on its export performance). XVIème Conférence Internationale de Management Stratégique, Montréal. https://www.strategie-aims.com/conferences/7-xvieme-conference-de-l-aims/communications/2126-linfluence-des-caracteristiques-de-personnalite-du-dirigeant-de-pme-sur-la-performance-a-lexport/download

Fernández, C., Ley, E., & Steel, M. F. J. (2001). Benchmark priors for Bayesian model averaging. Journal of Econometrics, 100(2), 381–427. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0304-4076(00)00076-2

García Flores, J. M. y Ángeles Castro, G. (2023). The profile of the innovative entrepreneur in Mexico. Contaduría y Administración, 68 (2), 22-47. http://dx.doi.org/10.22201/

fca.24488410e.2023.3029

Global Entrepreneur Monitor (GEM) (2021). Entrepreneurial behaviour and attitudes. https://www.gemconsortium.org/data/sets?id=aps

Grilli, L. (2022). Entrepreneurship and new product development: Exploring the “advantage of youth” and “business acumen” views. The Journal of Product Innovation Management, 39(5), 662–685. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpim.12625

Guerrero, M., Urbano, D., Cunningham, J. A. y Gajón, E. (2018). Determinants of graduates’ start-ups creation across a multi-campus entrepreneurial university: The case of Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education. Journal of Small Business Management, 56 (1), 150-178. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12366

Guerrero, M y Urbano, D. (2021). Looking inside the determinants and the effects of entrepreneurial innovation projects in an emerging economy. Industry and Innovation, 28 (3), 365- 393. https://doi.org/10.1080/13662716.2020.1753021

Henley, A., & Song, M. (2020). Innovation, internationalisation and the performance of microbusinesses. International Small Business Journal, 38(4), 337–364. https://doi.org/10.1177/0266242619893938

Hessels, J., van Gelderen, M., & Thurik, R. (2008). Entrepreneurial aspirations, motivations, and their drivers. Small Business Economics, 31(3), 323–339. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-008-9134-x

Hoang, N., Nahm, D., & Dobbie, M. (2021). Innovation, gender, and labour productivity: Small and medium enterprises in Vietnam. World Development, 146(105619), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2021.105619

Hudek, I. y Hojnik, B. B. (2020). Impact of entrepreneurship activity sustainable development. Ekorozwoju, 15 (2), 175-183. https://yadda.icm.edu.pl/baztech/element/bwmeta1.element.baztech-129bcc2d-f196-4e32-9cdc-03a54a1d0b0b

Kaldor, N. (1966) Causes of the slow rate of economic growth of the United Kingdom. An inaugural lecture. London, Cambridge university press. [reseña] Recherches Economiques de Louvain, 34(2), 222–222. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0770451800040616

Kaldor, N. (1967). Strategic factors in economic development. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University. School of Industrial and Labor Relations.

Koellinger, P. (2008). Why are some entrepreneurs more innovative than others? Small Business Economics, 31(1), 21–37. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-008-9107-0

Koop, G. (2003). Bayesian econometrics. New York: Wiley.

Kunday, Ö., & Şengüler, E. P. (2015). A study on factors affecting the internationalization process of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Procedia, Social and Behavioral Sciences, 195, 972–981. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.06.363

Lamotte, O., & Colovic, A. (2014). Innovation and internationalization of young entrepreneurial firms. Management international, 18(1), 87–103. https://doi.org/10.7202/1022222ar

Leal-Rodríguez, A. L., Albort-Morant, G., & Martelo-Landroguez, S. (2017). Links between entrepreneurial culture, innovation, and performance: The moderating role of family firms. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 13(3), 819–835. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-016-0426-3

Liberda, B. y Zajkowska, O. (2017). Innovation and entrepreneurship policies and gender equity. International Journal of Contemporary Management, 16(1), 37-59. https://doi.org/10.4467/24498939ijcm.17.002.7046

Liñán, F., Fernández-Serrano, J., & Romero, I. (2013). Necessity and Opportunity Entrepreneurship: The Mediating Effect of Culture. Revista de Economía Mundial, (33), 21-47. https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/866/86626373002.pdf

López, J., y Ruiz-Ruano, A. M. (2015). Modelado de la intención emprendedora con redes bayesianas. Revista De Psicología, 23(2), 71-87. https://doi.org/10.5354/0719-0581.2014.36149

Loué, C. (2018). Firms and internationalization: an approach based on the skills and the profile of the entrepreneur. Journal of Small Business & Entrepreneurship, 30(5), 345–374. https://doi.org/10.1080/08276331.2018.1459013

Lucas, R. E., Jr. (1988). On the mechanics of economic development. En su: Lecturas sobre crecimiento económico (pp. 43-102). Bogotá: Norma; Universidad de los Andes. https://doi.org/10.1016/0304-3932(88)90168-7

Madigan, D., York, J. y Allard, D. (1995). Bayesian graphical models for discrete data. International Statistical Review, 63(2), 215–232. https://doi.org/10.2307/1403615

Malerba, F., & McKelvey, M. (2020). Knowledge-intensive innovative entrepreneurship integrating Schumpeter, evolutionary economics, and innovation systems. Small Business Economics, 54(2), 503–522. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-018-0060-2

Marques, H. (2019). Export activity, innovation and institutions in Southern European nascent entrepreneurship. Economics The Open-Access Open-Assessment E-Journal, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2019-53

Martínez Velázquez, N. y Dutrénit Bielous, G. (2019). Naturaleza de la innovación y modelo de negocios en el emprendimiento innovador. Problemas del desarrollo, 50(199), 59-85. https://doi.org/10.22201/iiec.20078951e.2019.199.67649

Matulová, P. (2020). Development of start-up companies: Empirical study of key determinants. En P. Maresova, P. Jedlicka, K. Firlej, & I. Soukal (Eds.), Hradec Economic Days. University of Hradec Kralove.

Madigan, D., York, J., & Allard, D. (1995). Bayesian graphical models for discrete data. Revue internationale de statistique [International statistical review], 63(2), 215. https://doi.org/10.2307/1403615

Parker, S. C. (2018). The economics of entrepreneurship (2a ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN en línea: 9781316756706. https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316756706

Peris-Ortiz, M., Ferreira, J. J. M., & Fernandes, C. I. (2018). Do Total Early-stage Entrepreneurial Activities (TEAs) foster innovative practices in OECD countries? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 129, 176–184. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2017.07.005

Portuguez Castro, M., Ross Scheede, C., & Gómez Zermeño, M. G. (2020). Entrepreneur profile and entrepreneurship skills: Expert’s analysis in the Mexican entrepreneurial ecosystem. International Conference on Technology and Entrepreneurship - Virtual (ICTE-V), San Jose, CA. pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205597

Romer, P. M. (1994). The origins of endogenous growth. The Journal of Economic Perspectives: A Journal of the American Economic Association, 8(1), 3–22. https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.8.1.3

Romero, I., & Martínez-Román, J. A. (2012). Self-employment and innovation. Exploring the determinants of innovative behavior in small businesses. Research Policy, 41(1), 178–189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.07.005

Ruiu, G., & Breschi, M. (2019). The effect of aging on the innovative behavior of entrepreneurs. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 10(4), 1784–1807. https://doi.org/10.1007/

s13132-019-00612-5

Saridakis, G., Idris, B., Hansen, J. M., & Dana, L. P. (2019). SMEs’ internationalisation: When does innovation matter? Journal of Business Research, 96, 250–263. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2018.11.001

Sastre-Castillo, M. A., Peris-Ortiz, M., & Danvila-Del Valle, I. (2015). What is different about the profile of the social entrepreneur? Nonprofit Management & Leadership, 25(4), 349–369. https://doi.org/10.1002/nml.21138

Schwab Klaus (2019). The Global Competitiveness Report 2019. World Economic Forum. Consultado en marzo 2023. https://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2019.pdf

Schoonhoven, C. B., Eisenhardt, K. M., & Lyman, K. (1990). Speeding products to market: Waiting time to first product introduction in new firms. Administrative science quarterly, 35(1), 177. https://doi.org/10.2307/2393555

Sorgner, A., Fritsch, M., & Kritikos, A. (2017). Do entrepreneurs really earn less? Small Business Economics, 49(2), 251–272. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-017-9874-6

Stoica, O., Roman, A., & Rusu, V. D. (2020). The nexus between entrepreneurship and economic growth: A comparative analysis on groups of countries. Sustainability, 12(3), 1186. https://doi.org/10.3390/su12031186

Suárez, D., Fiorentin, F., & Erbes, A. (2020). Dime cómo creces y te diré cómo inviertes. El impacto de la I+D, los recursos humanos y los sistemas de innovación en el crecimiento económico: una comparación internacional. Revista Brasileira de Inovação, 19, e020009 https://doi.org/10.20396/rbi.v19i0.8656668

Talavera, M. F. P., & Arroyo, J. A. M. (2020). Efecto de la Innovación sobre el Crecimiento Económico de México: Análisis Empírico con el Modelo de

Crecimiento Endógeno de Romer. Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo, Facultad de Contaduría y Ciencias Administrativas. Revista de la Facultad de Contaduría y Ciencias Administrativas. 5(9), 1-11. https://ideas.repec.org/a/msn/rfjrnl/v5y2020i9p1-11.html

Thébaud, S. (2010). Gender and entrepreneurship as a career choice: Do self-assessments of ability matter? Social psychology quarterly, 73(3), 288–304. https://doi.org/10.1177/0190272510377882

Thirlwall, A. P. (1979). The balance of payments constraint as an explanation of the international growth rate differences. Banca Nazionale del Lavoro, Quarterly Review, 32 (128), 45-53. https://doi.org/10.13133/2037-3643/12804

Verheul, I., Uhlaner, L., & Thurik, R. (2005). Business accomplishments, gender and entrepreneurial self-image. Journal of Business Venturing, 20(4), 483–518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusvent.2004.03.002

Wennekers, S., Van Wennekers, A. Thurik, R. y Reynolds, P. (2005). Nascent entrepreneurship and the level of economic development. Small Business Economics, 24 (3), 293-309. https:// doi.org/ 10.1007 / s11187-005-1994-8

Xie, Z., & Li, J. (2013). Internationalization and indigenous technological efforts of emerging economy firms: The effect of multiple knowledge sources. Journal of International Management, 19(3), 247–259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intman.2013.02.006

Zellner, A. (1986). On assessing prior distributions and Bayesian regression analysis with g-prior distributions. En P. K. Goel y A. Zellner (eds.): Bayesian Inference and Decision Techniques: Essays in Honor of Bruno de Finetti; Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Zeugner, S., & Feldkircher, M. (2015). Bayesian model averaging employing fixed and flexible priors: The BMS package for R. Journal

of Statistical Software, 68, 1-37. https://doi.org/10.18637/jss.v068.i04

Descargas

Publicado

2024-06-30

Cómo citar

García Flores, J. M. (2024). Enfoque bayesiano para detectar los determinantes del emprendimiento innovador por país. EconoQuantum, 21(2), 77–99. https://doi.org/10.18381/eq.vi21i2.7320

Métrica