Consumo de energía, crecimiento económico y comercio: Un análisis de causalidad para México

  • Mario Gómez -Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolás de Hidalgo
  • Aitor Ciarreta Universidad del País Vasco
  • Ainhoa Zarraa Universidad del País Vasco
Palabras clave: Causalidad, comercio exterior, crecimiento económico, consumo de energía, México.

Resumen

Este artículo analiza la relación entre consumo de energía, crecimiento económico y comercio exterior en México, para el periodo 1971-2013, incorporando cambios estructurales y utilizando al capital y el trabajo como variables de control. Los resultados muestran que existen cinco relaciones de largo plazo entre las variables cuando se incluyen las exportaciones y cuatro con las importaciones. Hay una relación de causalidad bidireccional entre el consumo de energía y crecimiento económico, entre las importaciones y crecimiento económico, y unidireccional de las exportaciones al PIB. Esto implica que las exportaciones e importaciones impulsan el crecimiento económico, y que es necesario promover la producción y el consumo de energías más limpias.

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Publicado
2018-07-12
Cómo citar
Gómez, M., Ciarreta, A., & Zarraa, A. (2018). Consumo de energía, crecimiento económico y comercio: Un análisis de causalidad para México. EconoQuantum, 15(1), 53-72. https://doi.org/10.18381/eq.v15i1.7112