Openness to trade and structural changes in the sources of economic growth and labour demand in Turkey

  • Öner Günçavdi Economic and Social Research Centre, Faculty of Management, Istanbul Technical Universit
  • Suat Küçükçiftçi Istanbul Technical University


A  diferencia de las expectativas bajo el enfoque neoclásicas detrás del programa  de ajuste estructural, algunos estudios de Turquía han demostrado que el cambio de política  en 1980 causó una disminución en el empleo. Los resultados muestran que la estrategia de  industrialización de Turquía no puede ser considerada como estrategia de industrialización  impulsada por las exportaciones.La producción adicional creada por las exportaciones ha  sido muy limitada durante el período posterior a la liberalización. Sin  embargo, la demanda  interna final ha seguido siendo el factor más dominante de crecimiento de la producción. Un resultado sorprendente de este documento aparece en el período de 1985-1990, en la  sustitución de importaciones en la demanda final de crecimiento del producto creado  especialmente en la tecnología de manufactura intensiva y otros sectores manufactureros.  Sin embargo, la penetración de importaciones de bienes finales e intermedios son factores  importantes para la creación de la desindustrialización en el período de 1990-1996. A pesar de las expectativas de estilo neoclásico, el período de reforma a partir de 1982 fue testigo  de la sustitución de factores de gran lucha contra el trabajo, incluso en el sector de bienes  comercializables. Además, la demanda de trabajo también parece respuesta al crecimiento  de la producción menor en el período posterior a la liberalización que antes.


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Cómo citar
Günçavdi, Öner, & Küçükçiftçi, S. (2011). Openness to trade and structural changes in the sources of economic growth and labour demand in Turkey. EconoQuantum, 8(1-2), 7-34.