Efectos espaciales directos e indirectos de la variedad industrial en el empleo y la creación de empresas en la Megalópolis del Valle de México, 2010 – 2019

Autores/as

  • José Antonio Cabrera Pereyra El Colegio Mexiquense

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18381/eq.v19i2.7262

Palabras clave:

Variedad relacionada y no relacionada, Efectos espaciales, Especialización inteligente

Resumen

Objetivo. Analizar los efectos espaciales de la variedad industrial en el crecimiento del empleo y creación de empresas manufactureras, de 2010 a 2019, en la Megalópolis del Valle de México. Metodología. Los efectos se estiman mediante modelos espaciales Durbin, que permiten identificar interacciones espaciales de distinto tipo. Resultados. Los resultados indican efectos directos positivos de la variedad sobre el crecimiento del empleo y la creación de empresas. Limitaciones/implicaciones. El análisis se limita por la falta de datos sobre la relación tecnológica. Sin embargo, se elaboran sugerencias de política definidas a partir de la teoría de la especialización inteligente. Originalidad/valor. Es el primer análisis econométrico-espacial desagregado sobre el impacto de la variedad industrial en el empleo y la creación de empresas, y único en su tipo en México. Conclusiones. La variedad industrial incentiva las tasas de crecimiento de empleo y empresas en la megalópolis. La concentración manufacturera también interviene en los efectos de la variedad (no) relacionada sobre estas tasas de crecimiento.

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Publicado

2022-06-30

Cómo citar

Cabrera Pereyra, J. A. (2022). Efectos espaciales directos e indirectos de la variedad industrial en el empleo y la creación de empresas en la Megalópolis del Valle de México, 2010 – 2019. EconoQuantum, 19(2), 57-82. https://doi.org/10.18381/eq.v19i2.7262

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